If you find it hard to understand what hyperpigmentation really is, it seems to you like
people refer to different types of pigment changes as hyperpigmentation, which is normal.
Several forms of hyperpigmentation don’t always look the same or develop
from the same contributing factors or causes.
Often misunderstood as a skin condition in its own right, hyperpigmentation refers to
skin that appears darker than the rest of the skin around it.
This can occur in various ways: small patches, larger areas, or even the whole body.
Hyperpigmentation is most often harmless, but it can be a symptom of other skin disorders
and conditions, such as melasma.
In fact, hyperpigmentation occurs most often in the forms of melasma, post-inflammatory
hyperpigmentation, and sunspots (also known as liver spots, or more scientifically “solar
lentigines.).” Each of these is caused by different factors – but they can be treated and
removed in the same way.
First, what causes hyperpigmentation?
Most frequently, hyperpigmentation is caused by inflammation and prolonged sun exposure
over the long term, but hormones can also play a role. In addition, some medications, diseases, and
even chemotherapy can cause hyperpigmentation as well. All of these factors can increase
melanin production – that is what creates darker pigmentation in the skin.
Types of hyperpigmentation and their causes
Melasma is hyperpigmentation that is believed to be caused by hormones, especially during
pregnancy. You can find these anywhere on the body, but they are often on the face and
belly. When hyperpigmentation is post-inflammatory, it was caused by acne scarring or any
other injury scar. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be found anywhere on the body
where acne forms or where an injury can happen. Sunspots, of course, are caused by long-
term sun exposure, commonly found on the hands and face, which get exposed to
the sun most frequently.
How to treat hyperpigmentation at home
While the best option will be to see a professional skincare expert like an esthetician or a
dermatologist, there are some treatments you can do at home, as well as some lifestyle
changes to reduce your likelihood of developing it in the first place. For example, at home, you can use
topical retinoids to help lighten the dark spots. You can also get medications like hydroquinone to help with lighting.
How to prevent hyperpigmentation
To prevent hyperpigmentation from developing, you should use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 to
50. Use it generously every day, reapply every two hours if you are in the sun and even
more frequently if you are swimming or sweating. Make sure it is broad-spectrum coverage.
You can also wear hats in the sun, wear SPF-infused clothing, or just clothing that will cover
up your skin when you need to be outside for extended periods in peak sun hours.
How to treat hyperpigmentation in Montreal spas
The best approach, however, is to leave it to the professionals. Here at New Age Spa, we
offer several esthetician treatments that can reduce hyperpigmentation. Whether you choose
our micro-needling treatment, laser treatments, brightening facial, or chemical peels, you will
notice any dark spots fade away in as little as one session.
Please book your free consultation now, and our medical estheticians will help you determine which
treatment for hyperpigmentation is best for you.